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Geography Teachers' Association of Victoria Inc.


VCE resources


Natural environments
Human environments
Regional resources
Global perspectives

Activities & materials
Natural environments
Human environments
Regional resources
Global perspectives

Natural environments
Human environments
Regional resources
Global perspectives

Global perspectives: bibliography

Human Population

Healey, Justin, ‘Our Ageing World’, Issues in Society, Vol.191, The Spinney Press.

Population Reference Bureau, ‘Transitions in World Population’, Population Bulletin, Vol. 59, No.1, March 2004.

United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division Publication, The Impact of AIDS, 2004.

US Census Bureau, Global Population at a Glance: 2002 and Beyond, March 2004.

World Wide Fund for Nature, Living Planet Report 2004, October 2004

Climatic Change

Australian Government (2002) Living with climate change: an overview of potential climate change impacts on Australia, Australian Greenhouse Office, Canberra

Commonwealth Bureau of Meteorology (2003) The greenhouse effect and climate change, Commonwealth Bureau of Meteorology, Canberra

Money, D.C. (1988) Climate and environmental systems, Unwin Hyman, London

Sale, Colin (1996) Our wonderful world, 2nd edition, Longman Melbourne

Strahler, Arthur N (1975) Physical geography, 4th edition, John Wiley, New York

Victorian Government (2001) Victorian Greenhouse Strategy, Department of Natural Resources and the Environment, Melbourne

Global Fishing


Clover, C (2004) The End of The Line: How Overfishing is Changing the World and What We Eat
Edbury Press  London

Very readable, far reaching account of the state of global fisheries.  It is very good on industrialized fishing methods and their impacts, the North Sea, marine reserves and outlines possible future responses to provide sustainability.

Ellis, Richard (2003)The Empty Ocean: Plundering The World’s Marine Life Shearwater Books, Washington
A similar approach to Clover’s but in far more detail.

Hollander, J.M (2003) The Real Environmental Crisis University of California Press

Schwartzenberger, T (ed) (2004) World Fishing: Understanding Global Issues Smart Apple Media

Woodward, Colin (2001) Ocean’s End: Travels Through Endangered Seas Basic Books
The chapter “Run on the Banks” examining the impact on small communities of the collapse of the Atlantic Cod fishery in the Grand Banks is very good.

Sylvia A. Earle (2001) National Geographic Atlas of the Oceans National Geographic Society, Washington

Journal Articles

“The Last Gasp” New Internationalist No. 235, July 2000

“Empty Nets—The Crisis in World Fisheries” David Mercer, Geodate,  March 2000

“Towards Sustainability in World Fisheries” Daniel Pauly et al. Nature Vol. 418, August 8th 2002
This article examines the impacts of overfishing and suggests responses that may enable fisheries to remain sustainable.

“Living on the Ocean Planet” Mark Rodrigue, Interaction, December 2004, Pages 11-17

“Catch Cry” The Bulletin, January 18th 2004
An examination of the challenges facing fishing in Australia’s waters.

“Global Reflections on Marine Protected Areas”, Waves The Marine and Coastal Community Network (National Heritage Trust) Volume 11, Number 2, Spring 2005.

“The Mediterranean’s Tuna War” Time, July24, 2006
A succinct case study examining the effects of industrialised tuna fishing on people and the environment in the Mediterranean.

“Human Destruction of the Marine Commons:  The Case of Fisheries Collapse in the North Atlantic” Dr. David Mercer Geodate, 2006 .

Internet articles

The ABC News in Science.
“Overfishing Could Take Seafood off the Menu by 2048”.  This study found that the world's fish and seafood populations will collapse by 2048 if current trends in habitat destruction and overfishing continue, resulting in less food for humans.  Discussions of this paper by Professor Boris Worm of Dalhousie University in Nova Scotia, can be found at
The New York Times 3/11/2006
A critique of the study can be found at. ... ish_tale/.
“Global patterns of big fish diversity in open oceans”.  This is a very good overview of the state of fishing in the world’s oceans.
This provides a global review and internet gateway into a range of issues.
Go to the “Coasts and Oceans” section and check the links to related current topics.
“Status of the world’s fisheries” (University of Michigan)
A very good summary, useful for students with a good selection of graphics.
“Fishing for answers: making sense of the global fish crisis.” (World Resources Institute.) An excellent teachers’ reference, thorough and detailed.


Empty Oceans, Empty Nets, Video Education Australasia (
Examines the state of the world’s oceans and the factors that have contributed to this situation

Farming the Seas, Video Education Australasia (
Examines the costs and benefits of aquaculture at various locations.

Darwin’s Nightmare: Very good for examining the impacts of fishing on people in Tanzania.  It focuses upon the effects of introducing Nile Perch into Lake Victoria

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture  Comprehensive data about world fisheries and responses.
The Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) is an independent non-profit organisation that promotes responsible fishing practices.  The Council awards certificates the MSC logo to fisheries that meet sustainable practices.
This is a very useful site for students.  A good introduction to the topic, containing maps and photographs.
UN Atlas of the Oceans is a very comprehensive site and students will need some guidance.  As with many of the others it contains links to many other sites.  The Issues section of the UN Atlas of the Oceans contains information on broad, cross-cutting ocean issues - such as sustainability, food security, global change, and pollution.  The focus is on information relevant to sustainable development of the oceans.
The Sea Around Us Project is devoted to studying the impact of fisheries on the world's marine ecosystems.  To achieve this, project staff have used a Geographic Information System (GIS) to map global fisheries catches from 1950 to the present, under explicit consideration of coral reefs, seamounts, estuaries and other critical habitats of fish, marine invertebrates, marine mammals and other components of marine biodiversity.  The data presented, which are all freely available, are meant to support studies of global fisheries trends and the development of sustainable, ecosystem-based fisheries policies.
Very useful for data, especially maps and graphs for every country and region.  Could be used to construct activities for individual student research.
International Council for the Exploration of the Seas is a very useful site with good photographs.  It also contains reference to the Council’s newsletter, an example of useful articles from Issue Number 43, June 2006 include managing fisheries in marine protected areas, fish stocks: counting the uncountable.

ReefBase is the world's premier online information system on coral reefs, and provides information services to coral reef professionals involved in management, research, monitoring, conservation and education.
FishBase contains detailed information on almost all of the known world fish species (28,000 species representing 96% of known species). Very comprehensive, everything you have ever wanted to know about fish anywhere in the world.
Onefish is a fishery projects resource gateway for the fisheries and aquatic research and development sector.  Areas include aquaculture, marine and coastal and freshwater fisheries.  This is another very comprehensive site for teachers rather than students.  It contains a collection of references and online documents focusing on the economic effects of climate change on fisheries

The South Pacific tuna fishery, for example, offers a successful model of international cooperation for sustainable ocean fishery.
sustainability of the fishing industry is discussed here.


Buckley, Ralf (2003) Case studies in ecotourism, CABI Publishing, United Kingdom.

Buckley, Richard (2001) Understanding global issues: terrorism living with fear, Understanding Global Issues Limited, England.

Buckley, Richard (2002) Understanding global issues: air travel: mass market, growing risks, Understanding Global Issues Limited, England

Coshall, John ‘The threat of terrorism as an intervention on international travel flows’ Journal of travel research, Vol. 42, August 2003, 4—12.

Harrison, David (ed) (2001) Tourism and the less developed world: issues and case studies, CABI Publishing, United Kingdom.

Mason, Peter (2003) Tourism impacts, planning and management, Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford.

Miller, George (2004) (13th edn) Living in the environment, , Brooks/Cole-Thomson Learning, USA.

Opinion World Summit on Sustainable Development May 2001, Published by the International Institute for Environment and Development and the Regional and International Networking Group.

Page, Stephen (2003) Tourism Management: managing for change, Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford.

Sharpley, Richard and Telfer, David (eds) (2002) Tourism and development: concepts and issues, Channel View Publications, United Kingdom.

Swarbrooke, John (1999) Sustainable tourism management, CABI Publishing, London.

Ilan Greenberg, April 2006, As the sea rises, so do hopes for fish, jobs and riches
James Reynolds, 5 February 2004 Asia’s desert set to bloom again
The North Aral Sea preservation
Christopher Pala, 28 September 2005 Kazakhstan plans to restore a blighted sea
David Flicking, 4 July 2006 Life seeps back into the Aral Sea
David Shukman, 29 June 2004 Fresh fears have been raised about the health of populations living near the shrinking Aral Sea in central Asia


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